# Syllogism Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers

Learn and practice the chapter "Syllogism" with these solved Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers. Each question in the topic is accompanied by a clear and easy explanation, venn diagrams, shortcuts and tricks that help in understanding the concept.

## Use of Syllogism Questions and Answers

The questions and examples given in this section will be useful to all the freshers, college students and engineering students preparing for placement tests or any competitive exam like MBA, CAT, MAT, SNAP, MHCET, XAT, NMAT, GATE, Bank exams - IBPS, SBI, RBI, RRB, SSB, SSC, UPSC etc.

Practice with this online test to ensure that you get through your placements and entrance tests with flying colours!
1. Considering given statements as true, select a logical conclusion based on the given statements.

Statements:
No tree is a flower
Some trees are fruits

Conclusions:
(I) Fruits that are trees are not flowers.
(II) No fruit is a flower.

a. Only conclusion I follows
b. Only conclusion II follows
c. Either conclusion I or II follows
d. Neither conclusion I nor II follows

Answer: a. Only conclusion I follows

Explanation:

From given Venn diagrams, we can say that conclusion (I) follows.
Also, second diagram shows that satisfying conditions in given statements, some fruits can be flowers.

2. Considering given statements as true, select a logical conclusion based on the given statements.

Statements:
Lady's Finger is tastier than cabbage
Cauliflower is tastier than Lady's Finger
Cabbage is not tastier than peas

a. Peas are as tasty as lady's finger
b. Peas are as tasty as cauliflower and lady's finger
c. Peas is not tastier than lady's finger
d. Cauliflower is tastier than cabbage
e. None of the above options

Answer: d. Cauliflower is tastier than cabbage

Explanation:

> means tastier
Peas > Cabbage. Peas can be placed anywhere before cabbage.
So only d follows.

3. Considering given statements as true, select a logical conclusion based on the given statements.

Statements:
Some A are B.
Some C are A.

Conclusions:
(I) Some C are B.
(II) Some B are A.

a. Only conclusion I follows
b. Only conclusion II follows
c. Either conclusion I or II follows
d. Neither conclusion I nor II follows

Answer: b. Only conclusion II follows

Explanation:

From given Venn diagrams, we can say that conclusion (II) follows.
Also, drawing all possible Venn diagrams show that satisfying conditions in given statements, conclusion I is not always true.

4. Considering given statements as true, select a logical conclusion based on the given statements.

Statements:
Some cats are animals.
All plants are animals.
All animals are plants.

Conclusions:
I. Some cats are plants.
II. All plants are animals.
III. All animals are cats.
IV. All plants are cats.

a. Only II and III follow
b. Only II follows
c. Only I, II and IV follow
d. Only I and II follow
e. None of the above options

Answer: d. Only I and II follow

Explanation:

Plants and animals will have same circle.